Diabetes and Diet: How to Prevent Pre-Diabetes from Becoming Full-Blown Diabetes

People with pre-diabetes who lose weight can slash their risk of full-blown diabetes.

Researchers monitored 3,000 overweight people with pre-diabetes—that is, their blood sugar levels were above normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. All were participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program, which randomly assigned more than 3,200 people to an intensive lifestyle intervention, the diabetes drug metformin, or a placebo. The lifestyle intervention included a goal of 150 minutes of exercise a week and diet counseling.


People in the lifestyle group who lost at least 10 percent of their body weight within six months of being diagnosed with pre-diabetes had an 85 percent lower risk of being diagnosed with diabetes over the next three years than those who lost no weight. Those who lost 7 to 9 percent of their body weight lowered their risk by 66 percent, and those who lost 5 to 6 percent of their body weight lowered their risk by 54 percent.

What to do: If you’ve been told that you have pre-diabetes, try to lose weight and boost your exercise before your next doctor’s appointment. The Diabetes Prevention Program is now offered at many YMCAs.

Source: J. Gen. Intern. Med. 2013. doi:10.1007/s11606-013-2548-4.


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5 Replies to “Diabetes and Diet: How to Prevent Pre-Diabetes from Becoming Full-Blown Diabetes”

  1. A number of trained providers across Suffolk County, New York are now offering DPP. The Office of Health Education at Suffolk County Department of Health Services at 631/853-3162 is taking registration for interested individuals.

  2. I was diagnosed as a type 2 diabetic more than 5 years ago. 6 months ago I began walking each morning for an hour 5 days a week. I keep up a rapid pace and climb two steep hills in my town. I cut back on the amount of foods I ingested. I cut out eating anything sweet or fatty. My blood sugar count came down. It was never really high but high enough to be labeled Type 2. My blood sugar today was 110. It is usually around that level or lower. I don’t eat sweets at all. I watch what I eat. I don’t eat fatty foods at all and I feel great. I just turned 67 three weeks ago. My weight is about 140 pounds, my height is 5’8″. I think a lot of type 2 diabetics could change if they would exercise hard and not eat fatty foods. You can change your life.

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