Is It Safe to Consume Aloe Vera?

Aloe vera, which comes from a succulent plant, is sold as a juice and is added to various other foods and supplements. It is also marketed in various skin care products, for example to treat wounds and burns. Companies make diverse health claims, but scientific evidence is scarce. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine of the National Institutes of Health concluded that aloe vera “may” help heal burns and abrasions (when used topically), but there is not enough evidence to support other claims. Aloe vera taken orally can cause diarrhea and cramps and is recognized by FDA as a laxative. However, in 2002 FDA banned it from over-the-counter laxatives due to a lack of safety information.


Carefully conducted studies by the U.S. government concluded that there was “clear” evidence that aloe vera extracts caused intestinal cancers in male and female rats, but not mice. The form tested, called non-decolorized whole-leaf extract of aloe vera, contains more of the components that are suspected of being cancer-causing— aloin and other anthraquinones—than do some aloe vera products on the market. (The outer leaf pulp of aloe leaves, known as the latex, contains anthraquinones). However, it is not known for sure what components of aloe vera are responsible for the tumors.

The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine also notes several other possible concerns: (1) people with diabetes who use glucose-lowering medication should be cautious about taking aloe vera by mouth since preliminary studies suggest it may lower blood glucose levels; (2) there have been a few case reports of acute hepatitis following oral aloe vera use, but a cause-effect relationship has not been established; and (3) the diarrhea caused by the laxative effect of oral aloe vera can decrease the absorption of many drugs.

Given the possible risks and unsubstantiated benefits, people should not consume aloe vera. People who choose to consume it should at least look for products made with a charcoal filtration process to decolorize and remove anthraquinones and that are monitored to ensure that aloin levels are low (e.g., 1 part per million or less). Some solid or semi-solid products have much higher levels of aloin. However, low levels of aloin do not guarantee safety, since it is not known for sure exactly which components of aloe vera triggered cancers in rats.


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3 Replies to “Is It Safe to Consume Aloe Vera?”

  1. Now I think when you post certain allegations like this article on Aloe Vera, you should give all of the pertinent information like: as noted you do not provide the type aloe tested in these studies. It was non-decolorized whole leaf extract of aloe vera. Herbalife consumers can rest assured as, Herbalife does not use this kind of aloe vera in our products. Herbalife uses purified (decolorized) aloe vera in our products, our products are manufactured to assure our aloe products are virtually aloin free so they meet worldwide regulatory limits established for aloin. This is confirmed through aloin testing of every batch of aloe we sell worldwide. Through our robust Quality Assurance program, using the most sensitive analytical-testing equipment available, our customers can be confident there are negligible levels of aloin in our products. This being said, we understand your concern and encourage customers to consult their personal healthcare providers regarding any health concerns they may have. If you have additional product or ingredient questions please feel free to contact us. All in good faith, I respect your website but sometimes I think you post things that could be bias to certain companies because of lack of information.

  2. There is very little information in this article! If you are going to post something like this there should be a lot more facts and information. I love the magazine that I get from nutrition action but am ready to unsubscribe to the online as the article are poorly written!

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