The 4 Safest Sugar Substitutes and a Few to Avoid Completely

The best and safest artificial sweeteners are erythritol, xylitol, stevia leaf extracts, neotame, and mon fruit extract—with some caveats:

• Erythritol: Large amounts (more than about 40 or 50 grams or 10 or 12 teaspoons) of this sugar alcohol sometimes cause nausea, but smaller amounts are fine. (Sensitivities vary among individuals.) Erythritol, small amounts of which occur naturally in some fruits, is about 60 to 70 percent as sweet as table sugar and has at most one-twentieth as many calories. Unlike the high-potency sweeteners, erythritol provides the bulk and “mouth feel” of sugar.

• Xylitol: This sugar alcohol, which occurs naturally in birch and some other plants, is about as sweet as table sugar and has about three quarters of the calories. Too much xylitol (about 30–40 grams or 7–10 teaspoons, although sensitivities vary) could produce a laxative effect and/or gastrointestinal distress.

How to Avoid Cancer: Reducing Your Risk for 9 Different Cancers

One in three women. One in two men.That’s how many of us can expect to be diagnosed with cancer in our lifetimes. Of course, those are averages. A smoker is 25 times more likely to get lung cancer than a nonsmoker. Tobacco alone accounts for about a third of all cancer deaths in the U.S. Back when cigarettes were still deemed healthy, people weren’t worrying about how to avoid cancer nearly as much.
But smoking isn’t the only preventable cause of cancer. Experts estimate that we could dodge up to a third of all cancers by eating healthier, eating less, and moving more.

No one can guarantee that you won’t get cancer. But you can lower your cancer risk.